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The Capital Equipment Program

Programs build collaborative actions guided by the Action Agenda

Why is a circular economy for capital equipment important? 

Capital equipment is the machines we use to keep our societies running. It includes everything from computer servers to medical scanners, power plants to cars, trains, and ships. They are generally expensive to produce, and they are products that are designed, built and acquired to last, often staying in use for several decades.  

A circular economy for capital equipment is important because its production uses 7.2 million tons of raw materials every year, including large amounts of high value metal and mineral resources. Because of the higher value at stake, the capital equipment sector is leading the way in many aspects of the transition to a circular economy. For example, their customers, mostly in a business-to-business setting, are more used to service-based business models which can lead to higher circularity. This means capital equipment can offer important lessons to other industries. 

What could circularity for capital equipment look like? 

In a circular economy for capital equipment

  • Products and their components use fewer resources and are recycled back into use at end-of-life

    Products are designed with reuse in mind, using fewer resources in production—especially non-renewable resources—and more refurbished or reused components and recycled materials, as well as materials that can be economically recycled, reducing demand for natural resources and pollution.
  • Products and their components are used for longer, through the use of digital technology and innovative new ‘as-a-service’ models

    Digitally-enabled maintenance, shared access, and services that see beyond one-off sales to focus on functionality instead of material goods offer innovative ways to keep products in use for longer, reducing waste.
  • End-of-use equipment and components are returned for reuse through high-quality systems

    Instead of being sent to landfill or uncontrolled incineration, products no longer suitable for use are refurbished, remanufactured, repurposed or used for parts harvesting—extending the lifetime of other products that are still in use.

Where is action most needed for a transition to a circular economy for capital equipment? 

Companies, governments and civil society organizations all have a role to play in creating a circular economy for the capital equipment industry. These 10- calls-to-action can help us accelerate the transition, and make it as impactful as possible. 

1. Provide Incentives and Guidance for Product Design for Circularity

More than 80% of a product’s ecological impact is decided in the design phase. Designing to reduce material inputs, as well as for longevity and reuse or refurbishment at end-of-life, significantly reduces the resources needed. 

2. Transform Customer Perception and Procurement Models to Increase Demand for Circular Products and Services

Clauses in large tenders often state that only new systems can be bought, or that equipment must be destroyed at end-of-use. It is vital we change the system to embrace products made from reused or refurbished components. 

3. Leveraging Servitization, Guide and Support Product Use Rates and Use Life Extension 

Shifting from offering a product (such as a car) towards offering a service (such as car sharing, with payment per distance travelled) offers huge potential for extending the life of individual products and components. There are many similar new ‘as-a-service’ innovations that offer great promise for circularity. 

4. Increase End-of-Use Product Return 

Current barriers to returning end-of-use products and components to the manufacturer, such as data privacy and intellectual property concerns, must be addressed to increase return rates.

5. Enable Efficiency and Transparency in Compliant and Responsible Reverse Logistics 

Governments, businesses, and authorities of the Basel Convention need to work together to create more efficient reverse supply chains, while ensuring environmental and socially sound management in compliance with the regulations. 

6. Collaborate Across Value Chain and Sectors to Strategically Plan Reuse Operations 

Refurbishing and remanufacturing facilities are long-term investments requiring specialist skills and knowledge. They need to be planned carefully, with attention paid to location, capacity, and specialization. 

7. Increase Incentives for Investment in Reuse Technologies and Facilities 

Governments have a vital role to play to increase the competitiveness of reused, refurbished, and remanufactured products/components, therefore stimulate private sector investment in these strategies. 

8. Support Manufacturers to Increase Sourcing of Secondary Components 

Putting secondary components in use can reduce demand for virgin materials. Innovations in both legislation and technology can help expand the secondary component market.   

9. Leverage Digital Technologies for the Circular Transition 

Digital technology can transform the way components and products are designed, made and managed, allowing for monitoring and optimization throughout the product’s lifetime, and sharing information across the value chain.

10. Evaluate the Contribution of Circular Capital Equipment to the Sustainable Development Goals 

Stakeholders from public, private and civil society are invited to participate in the design and realization of a circular economy for capital equipment, for a better, just and faster transition that help us to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals together.

PACE Program Manager and contact